Talk:Community-led initiatives in Denmark
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Further research sources
- Energy cooperatives and local ownership in the field of renewable energy technologies: A literature review 2010. Case study Denmark. http://base.socioeco.org/docs/schreuer-ea-2010-literature-review-energy-cooperatives.pdf
- Community Energy Case Study 2016: https://www.britac.ac.uk/sites/default/files/Documents/CoCE_Policy%20Report%20_%20online%20%281%29.pdf
- The institutional space of community initiatives for renewable energy: a comparative case study of the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark 2014: https://energsustainsoc.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/2192-0567-4-11
"Denmark has a long history of strong policy support for wind energy, ever since the 1970s when the country responded to the oil crisis by pioneering wind power as part of a drive toward energy security, and ever since wind has provided a relatively high percentage of Danish energy consumption. This strong policy support can be thought of as re ective of wider cultural attitudes in Denmark, in which renewable energy and the idea of ‘being green’ carry positive meanings and associations. Several polls have suggested that wind energy has been viewed more positively than other nations. Denmark still has no nuclear power facilities, with a 1985 law prohibiting the production of any nuclear energy. The widespread use of district heating in Denmark, encouraged through legislation, has also resulted in a more decentralised energy system, with much heat and power generation owned by municipalities and communities. In Denmark, for example, support for decentralised and community approaches dates back to the 1980s. Strongly dependent on oil imports, and badly shaken by the oil price crises in the 1970s, Denmark embarked upon a strategy based on developing a strong indigenous renewables industry, local heat networks often owned by the municipality, and local control over planning. The electricity market was liberalised in the 1990s, but with continued use of scal incentives and policy to meet national objectives. In March 2012 a new Energy Agreement set ambitious targets for energy and carbon reduction, with a target of 100% renewable energy by 2050, and specific measures including a ban on use of fossil fuels for space heating in new buildings from 2013. This combination of a long-term, stable energy policy framework, together with considerable local autonomy, has created an enabling environment for local energy schemes, and explains the scale and professionalism of the Middlegrunden and Hvide Sande schemes which we profile in this report. In particular, both projects pointed to the fact that the municipality has responsibility for their share of renewables targets, but also the ability to determine how the targets are met. This creates an incentive for local government to support ambitious projects in their area".
- https://www.britac.ac.uk/sites/default/files/CoCE_International%20Case%20Studies_online.pdf. Accessed on June 26th 2018