Community power is key to a decarbonised economy and a crucial step in tackling climate change. This is about more than windmills and solar panels. Community energy can help find a new balance between local economies and the global economy. It can help overcome the urban and rural divide, and close the gap between north and south, between rich and poor — because it empowers local people. Community energy leads to energy democracy, holding the promise of an economy and society based on co-operation rather than competition, within the boundaries of planet earth. Communities of energy also aim to reach other objectives such as profit for the citizen, local energy, democracy, community sustainable development, energy efficiency, fair energy prices, climate and sustainable development goals and alleviate energy poverty.
Origins and history
Practical application in communities
Community energy initiatives are organised in many different formal and informal ways.
Collective Action Initiatives for Energy Transition
- Community-led Initiatives
- Energy communities
- Transition Initiatives
- Municipalities and local administration
Decentralized Energy Transition
Energy communities across Europe
In the majority of European countries, community energy initiatives are growing and developing rapidly.
Energy transition in Spain
Energy transition in Poland
Energy transition in The Netherlands
Energy transition in Estonia
Energy transition in Italy
Energy transition in Belgium
Links to key examples
Research on Energy and community-led initiatives
A study that reviews literature in three countries.
- Walsh, Molly; Castanié, Myriam; Giovannini, Sara (2020). Community Energy: A practical guide to reclaiming power. Friends of the Earth Europe. p. 156. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
- COMETS project Deliverable D3.3 Report: determinants for CAIs in Energy Transition and comparative case studies
- Brummer, Vasco (2018-10-01). "Community energy – benefits and barriers: A comparative literature review of Community Energy in the UK, Germany and the USA, the benefits it provides for society and the barriers it faces". Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 94: 187–196. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2018.06.013. ISSN 1364-0321. Retrieved 2019-02-15.