Ecovillage principles

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The Ecovillage design principles are a framework for ecovillage design and development created and promoted by Global Ecovillage Network and Gaia Education on the basis of experiences from ecovillages all over the world. The framework consists of six principles in each of the core areas of ecovillage design - Culture, Economy, Ecological and Social - along with another eight principles in the field of Integral Design, which connects these four areas. Together, these 32 principles make up the Ecovillage Map of Regeneration.[1]


Vision and purpose
Clarify vision and higher purpose
Mindfulness and reflection
Nurture mindfulness and self-reflection
Nature connection
Reconnect to nature and embrace low-impact lifestyles
Wisdom and innovation
Honour indigenous wisdom and welcome positive innovation
Art and celebration
Enrich life with art and celebration
Defend and protect
Engage actively to protect communities and nature


Concepts of wealth
Reconstruct the concepts of wealth, work and progress
Equitable access
Ensure equitable access to land and resources
Responsible consumption
Commit to responsible production, consumption and trade
Social entrepreneurship
Cultivate social entrepreneurship for local regeneration
Banking and exchange
Use banks and currencies that strengthen communities
Justice and collaboration
Increase economic justice through sharing and collaboration


Seeds, food and soil
Grow seeds, food and soil through regenerative agriculture
Water cycles
Clean and replenish sources and cycles of water
Green building
Innovate and spread green building technologies
Energy and transport
Move towards 100% renewable energy and transport
Zero waste
Work with waste as a valuable resource
Ecosystem restoration
Increase biodiversity and restore ecosystems


Diversity and cohesion
Nurture diversity and cohesion for thriving communities
Conflict and communication
Practice conflict facilitation, communication and peacebuilding skills
Leadership and governance
Empower collaborative leadership and participatory decision making
Fairness and accountability
Develop fair, effective and accountable institutions
Lifelong education
Ensure equal and lifelong access to education for sustainability
Health and healing
Promote health, healing and wellbeing for all

Integral Design

Whole systems thinking
Learn from nature and practise whole systems thinking
Leverage points
Identify assets, needs and leverage points
Scale and context
Adapt solutions to scale and context
Rank and privilege
Be aware of privilege and use it for the benefit of all
Alliance building
Build alliances across all divides
Stakeholder engagement
Engage all stakeholders in designs for the future
Spread core patterns of regeneration
Listen to the feedback of the world