Community-led initiatives in Spain

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Transition in Spain

Main page: Transition in Spain

The Transition Network lists 17 initiatives in Spain.[1] The national hub Red de Transición (RedT) is a member of ECOLISE and offers support, information and education with the aim to:

  • Visualize and dynamize the Transition movement;
  • Support local initiatives and connect them with each other and with the International Transition Network;
  • Connect, support and collaborate with other social movements and institutions (public and private)”.[2]

Permaculture in Spain

Main page: Permaculture in COUNTRY

Ecovillages in Spain

Main page: Ecovillages in Spain

The Global Ecovillage Network (GEN) lists 141 projects in their database and is therefore the European country with most listings. This number is however only reflecting the projects that have registered themselves on the database. The ecovillage database contains ecovillage projects of all sizes and in all stages of development.[3]

The ecovillages in Spain are organized in RIE, the Red Ibérica de Ecoaldeas which includes projects in Spain and Portugal. Since 1998, a summer meeting to connect like-minded people is being held annually – each year in a different ecovillage. The Foundational Assembly of the Iberian Ecovillage Network took place in Madrid in November 2011 and since then RIE is working towards the exchange of information and resources among the members of the network, other people or groups as well as spreading the idea of ecovillage and sustainable living. Today RIE is a thriving network with 12 ecovillage members, 5 project members and 13 collaborating members organized in sociocratic circular structure. RIE has initiated the incubator program to support the creating of new sustainably projects, communities, social enterprises and others.[4]

RIE is a member of ECOLISE and also a full member of GEN-Europe, the European branch of the Global Ecovillage Network.

World Cleanup Day in Spain

Main page: World Cleanup Day in Spain

Community Energy in Spain

Main page: Community energy in Spain

Solidarity Economy in Spain

Main page: Solidarity economy in Spain

The SUSY report of 2015 on Social and Solidarity Economy states that:

"In Spain, SSE appears as a possible and actual reality for another economy. Recognized as a derivation and articulation of the tradition of the Social Economy (mainly composed of cooperatives, mutuals and association), it is identified as a revival of socio-economic experiences in recent decades. In March 2011, the Country adopted the Law on Social Economy with the basic objective of setting up a legal framework to provide visibility and recognition to the Social Economy, giving it a greater legal certainty through the definition of the Social Economy sector."[5]
According to the Spanish Business Confederation of Social Economy (CEPES), “the social economy is a key socio-economic actor, with more than 45,000 companies that generate 10% of GDP and 12% of employment in the country.” The SSE movement is rich and well established, in addition to being strongly represented by one of the most important national SSE network of networks: the Red de Redes de Economía Alternativa y Solidaria (REAS), which is a confederal partnership composed of 18 networks (14 territorial and sectoral) which bring together more than 500 entities and companies, the participation of more than 38,000 members - in addition to 8,300 people employed for specific tasks - and 355 million EUR in annual turnover."[5]

Community Food Production in Spain

Main page: Community Food Production inSpain

Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) in Spain

According to URGENCI, the International Network for Community Supported Agriculture, the first CSA initiative in Spain, Bajo el Asfalto está la Huerta, was started in Madrid in 2000. The 2016 report identifies 75 CSA initiatives providing for up to 7.500 people but notes that this number could be much higher depending on the definition used. The is no national umbrella organization but regional organizations and informal networks exist around Spain. Most active is the CSA movement in the Basque Country where it has been actively promoted by the farmers’ union EHNE-Bizkaia. The union set up the Nekasarea Network in 2006 which includes more than 30 farmers and 90 groups of consumers under a CSA-like scheme.[6]

Initiatives & Projects

Almocafre is a cooperative of consumers and organic producers with around 2,500 Fair Trade references, of which 80% are local or regional that has been established in 1994. Their objectives are:

  • "to promote and promote the consumption and production of food and goods locally from organic farming;
  • Develop a project of maximum social benefit, self-management and solidarity;
  • Collaborate with other entities with similar purposes;
  • Promote organic products from family farming and agricultural cooperatives with social character"[7]


Collaboration with Local Government


  1. Accessed on June 10th 2018
  2. Accessed on June 10th 2018
  3. Accessed on May 23rd 2018
  4. Accessed on May 25th 2018
  5. 5.0 5.1 Troisi, R., di Sisto, M., Castagnola, A., 2018. Transformative economy: Challenges and limits of the Social and Solidarity Economy (SSE) in 55 territories in Europe and in the World. Sustainable and Solidarity Economy, Firenze.
  6. Volz, P., Weckenbrock, P., Cressot, N. & Parot, J. European CSA Research Group (2016): Overview of Community Supported Agriculture in Europe. Accessed on June 7th 2018
  7. Accessed on 26th July 2018.