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Permaculture is a design methodology for sustainable human habitats that takes inspiration from ways in which natural systems self-organize for resilience and productivity. It was originally conceived in the 1970s by Australian field ecologists David Holmgren and Bill Mollison as a contraction of the term 'permanent agriculture'. Its scope of common usage later expanded to encompass the full range of factors affecting the ecology of human settlement, economy and culture, and is now more commonly considered shorthand for 'permanent culture'.

Read more in the article on permaculture.